Ever since the medical science achieved a major landmark with the first successful bone marrow transplant in the year 1968, the treatment has emerged as a revolutionary medical procedure that can be used to treat many diseases which were widely perceived to be incurable. This breakthrough medical procedure is now used to treat several life threatening diseases such as aplastic anemia, leukemia, breast cancer, immune deficiency disorders, among many others.
However, even though BMTs are now able to cure a significant number of people every year who are suffering from malignant and non malignant diseases, there are still many patients who are not able to receive this treatment for lack of a compatible bone marrow donor.
What is Bone Marrow Transplant?
The spongy or flexible tissue that is present in the interior of bones is known as bone marrow. It is present in the large size bones, such as breast bone, hips and spinal where it produces new blood cells. The blood cells include white blood cells (leukocytes), platelets and the red blood cells (erythrocytes).
In patients who are suffering from diseases such as Leukemia, aplastic anemia or other immune deficiency disorders, the stem cells in the marrow produce abnormal blood cells that hinder the production of normal blood cells. In a transplant, the diseased marrow that is producing the abnormal blood cells is destroyed by treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation and is replaced by healthy marrow. This healthy marrow replicates the dysfunctional one that was present in the cavities of the bones and starts producing healthy blood cells. If successful, this treatment may completely cure the patient of his disease. It may take as long as one year for the transplanted marrow to start performing its functions at the optimum level. During this time period, the patient has to undergo frequent checks for any complications that may occur.
How much does BMT cost?
It is an expensive medical treatment that usually involves an expenditure that runs into thousands of dollars. Also, many insurance companies do not provide full insurance for bone marrow transplantation. The cost of the treatment also depends on the kind of transplant that the patient receives. For instance, the cost of an autologous transplant is significantly less than the cost of an Allogeneic or Syngeneic implant. An autologous transplant is one in which the patient earlier donates her own stem cells for the transplant. In an Allogeneic transplant, the person receives the stem cells from a family member or an unrelated donor, while in a Syngeneic transplant, the person donating the stem cells is an identical twin to the patient.
For patients who are looking for an affordable bone marrow transplant, Bone Marrow Transplant in Turkey provides cost effective bone marrow transplant with excellent medical facilities.