There are many divisions within the field of medicine out of which one is known as gynecology. Every field of medicine makes use of instruments; sometimes there are instruments which are specific to the field whereas at times, there are instruments which are generally used in all fields of medicine. Gynecological instruments are the term given to those instruments which are specifically used in this field.
Since each instrument performs a specific purpose, it is used only when the procedure requires it. Some of the common gynecological instruments which are used are:
An ultrasound machine: an ultrasound machine is considered to be one of the most common and widely used gynecological instruments. This machine is used to make sure that the baby inside the womb of the mother is healthy and doing well. It is also used to check a woman's reproductive system and to ensure that the cervix and other organs are working well. This gynecological instrument helps in determining whether the woman has any internal problems and if so, how they should be treated and followed up with.
Speculum: the speculum is another very important gynecological instrument. It is an instrument which is inserted into the body cavity and it is commonly known as a dioptra or a diopter. There are many speculums which can be used however the weighted speculum is the most common among the gynecological instruments. It is a tool which is placed inside the woman's vagina during an exam to dilate it. It may also be used when the cervix is being examined by the gynecologist. This instrument helps in providing a good view of the area being examined so that the doctor can get a good visual. This instrument is usually made out of plastic so that it can be disposed once it has been used.
Vaginal forceps: these instruments are very similar to tongs in the way they look, however these forceps are very useful when surgeries are being performed. Forceps come in handy to grab a hold of anything inside the body / from the body which can then be removed or maneuvered according to the way the procedure requires. In obstetrics, the vaginal forceps are usually used to grab a hold of the baby's head so that the delivery process becomes a bit easier. These instruments come in various lengths and each is used for different purposes.
A ventouse: this instrument works in the same way as a vacuum does. It is a machine which is used when the baby is delivered as it assists the surgeon and the mother to an amount to help bring the baby out. This machine is specifically used when labor is not going as planned. Alternatives to the vacuum machine are conducting a caesarean section or using forceps.
These are only some of the gynecological instruments which may be used during the delivery process.